Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour
Between the XVI and XVIII centuries a part of the Argentine territory was colonized by the Spaniards. The conquerors were mostly men and were largely assimilated with the natives, leading to a process of mestizaje.
Much later, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the country received major immigration flows mainly from Europe, and to a much lesser extent from the Middle East. Fundamentally Italian and Spanish immigrants arrived. Also came (in a much smaller number) Ukrainians, Poles, Russians, Germans, French and Irish. The arrival of immigrants was fomented by the same Argentine Constitution of 1853, which eliminated the barriers for the arrival of foreigners, and its mission was to forge a rural social fabric to occupy and work the Pampean territories. Several politicians of the time -like Domingo Faustino Sarmiento and Juan Bautista Alberdi – considered that it was necessary to foment the immigration to populate the country.
On the one hand Argentina was a little populated country and with a great territorial extension, with which the policies of massive immigration left an important mark. On the other hand, the native population (Aboriginal) of the country was drastically decimated by the terrible Desert Campaign in the 1880s.
Other immigration flows followed, but mainly from neighboring countries (19th, 20th and 21st centuries), and to a lesser extent from Asia and Eastern Europe (at the end of the 20th century).
The 2010 national census indicates that Argentina had 1,900,000 immigrants. This places the country as the Latin American country that received more quantity of immigrants.