Top Things To Do in Buenos Aires

Top Things To Do in Buenos Aires

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Buenos Aires is a city founded in 1580 that after more than four centuries, has become the second most populous city of Hispano-America, after Mexico City. Besides of being the Capital of Argentina, it is also a cosmopolitan city that receives tourists from all the latitudes of the world, because of the many attractions that has: Architecture, Culture, Gastronomy, Entertainment, Fashion and Arts. Among its attractions, are the Tango and the classic football match between the teams of River Plate and Boca Juniors, in the mythical stadium called “La Bombonera”. The city is divided into 48 neighborhoods, some of which present tourist attractions for the picturesque style and for keeping its original surroundings intact, such as the neighborhood of La Boca or San Telmo. Also in the outskirts there are tourist attractions of importance as the circuits of San Isidro or Tigre.

BUENOS AIRES FREE WALKING CITY TOUR

The City Tour that departs from the “Congress Square”, runs the ten blocks between this square and the ¨Plaza de Mayo¨ square, so named in commemoration of the revolution that gave birth to the country and its separation from the Kingdom of Spain. On your way, you cross the ¨9 de Julio Avenue¨ that commemorates the date of the independence of the country. From this point you have a panoramic view of the famous obelisk of Buenos Aires. Throughout “Avenida de Mayo”, beautiful style buildings can be seen, among them, the Barolo Palace and surrounding “Plaza de Mayo” square, the most important buildings of the administration of Argentina, such as the House of Government, called “Casa Rosada” -for the color that characterized it since its construction-, the Ministry of Economy, the headquarters of the National Bank of Argentina, the building of the “Cabildo” that was constructed in the colonial period, the Cathedral of Buenos Aires and the last residence of Pope Francisco in Buenos Aires. In the “Casa Rosada” you can see the balcony from which Eva Peron gave historical political speeches to the people gathered in the square. The route then takes the pedestrian street called Florida, which has shops and galleries with the most varied products, among which there are leather goods and iconic buildings such as the “Pacific Gallery” and the “Cafe Tortoni”.

RECOLETA FREE WALKING TOUR BUENOS AIRES

Since the ¨Recoleta Tour¨ begins almost at the end of the City Tour, but a few hours later, those visitors who want to make the most of the day can take a lunch in the area, rest in the sunny ravines of Plaza San Martín and after recovering energy, initiate the wonderful tour that runs the heart of the most aristocratic neighborhood of the City of Buenos Aires. In this tour, you will be able to walk along the Alvear Avenue from the “Carlos Pellegrini square” to the “San Martín de Tours square” surrounded by the “Recoleta Cultural Center” and the famous “Cementerio de la Recoleta”, where there are the tombs of the most representative personalities of history in Argentina, as many of the politics and celebrities of Arts. Throughout the tour in this neighborhood, you will find French-style buildings that have given the name of “The Paris of South America” to this area of ​​the city of Buenos Aires.

BUENOS AIRES PRIVATE TOURS

After enjoying these interesting and fun Tours, tourists are interested in taking other proposals of BaFreeTour such as: the ¨Private Tour¨, the “Stadium Tour” and the “Tango Show”. The ¨Private Tour¨ is carried out in a ¨Mini Van¨ type vehicle, which makes it possible to extend the tour to nearby neighborhoods of notable interest, such as the historic San Telmo, the modern Puerto Madero, the picturesque neighborhood of La Boca and also one of the trendy neighborhoods, that is Palermo. The ¨Stadium Tour¨ is a “must” for football lovers, where they can feel the festive atmosphere they can live in the stadium of the most popular soccer team in the country. And of course, visiting Buenos Aires is also getting into its music, music and tango dance that has become famous all over the world.

How safe is Buenos Aires? Is Buenos Aires dangerous?

How safe is Buenos Aires? Is Buenos Aires dangerous?

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Here we will give you some tips to start the summer to be safe in BA…

As a big city, in South America you have to be aware, while going around and special attention in the subways, where pickpockets do really well…

While walking in the city of Buenos Aires and in subways you will see people with backpacks in their front, and that is a way to keep them out.

Main suggestions:

– Always ask if it’s safe where you will be moving around, especially at night. ex: la boca is not that safe out of Caminito area.

– When you take a taxi, ask the driver to turn the taximeter ON, and try to pay with small notes. The ONLY fixed price IN PESOS will be the fare to/from the airport, not from the port.  You can use Taxi Premium to call them (telephone: 5238-0000) because they will speak english, you can always ask the restaurant or bar where you are to calla taxi for you, and if not another super option is UBER that works really well in Buenos Aires

– DO NOT EXCHANGE money in the streets. Will you do it at home? Then avoid doing it in here, too good to be true.

– DON’T use jewelry in Buenos Aires, especially watches. One of the most usual ways of robbery is gust luxury watches and necklaces.

– Avoid close contact with strangers that approach you  offering help to wipe off stains of a liquid previously squirted on you. This is use to distract while they pick your pockets.

-Dont leave your purse unattended at any time in bars or restaurants, just have them on your lap.

Public transportation in Buenos Aires

Public transportation in Buenos Aires

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Public transport in Buenos Aires is quite organized. Using buses and subways and walking (which very easy because the city is flat), you can cover the whole city.
To use public transport necessary to get your SUBE card and you can use it for the subway, for the bus and for the short distance train as well.

The price of the card should be between 25 or 35 argentinean pesos, the public transport betwee 6 and 7 pesos, you can use the card until minus 20 pesos and up to two or three you can share it. 😀

Here are some of the places where you can buy the SUBE card according to the neighborhood where you are staying.

Abasto

VALENTIN GOMEZ 3295

SARMIENTO 3067

VALENTIN GOMEZ 2989 (BALVANERA)

Almagro

GASCON 1099 (ALMAGRO)

MEDRANO 598 (ALMAGRO)

AV. CORRIENTES 4700 (ALMAGRO)

Microcentro

AV. PRES. ROQUE SAENZ PENA 978

MAIPU 386 (SAN NICOLÁS)

SUIPACHA 709

Palermo

AV. SANTA FE 3300 (PALERMO)

AVENIDA SANTA FE 4208

EL SALVADOR 4497 (PALERMO)

AV. CORDOBA 5353 (PALERMO)

BONPLAND 1728

Retiro

RECONQUISTA 1093

MARCELO T DE ALVEAR 780

Recoleta

AV. PRES. MANUEL QUINTANA 558

AVENIDA PUEYRREDÓN 1962

ARENALES 2968

San Nicolás

AV CÓRDOBA 1710

AV. CORRIENTES 1800

TUCUMAN 1200

San Telmo

TACUARÍ 681

AV. INDEPENDENCIA 814

CHACABUCO 906

BOLÍVAR 1075

Villa Crespo

MALABIA 310

AV. CORRIENTES 5578 (VILLA CRESPO)

AV. CORRIENTES 5816 (VILLA CRESPO)

Where is the best beef in Buenos Aires and what to eat?

Where is the best beef in Buenos Aires and what to eat?

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Ok, Buenos Aires is famous because of our steak, but what else does Argentinean beef have?
It’s not only that the cows grow up in very green fields so their muscles are not so developed and as a result the meat is more tender, it’s also the way we cut it afterwards!!! That is why, first advice, I wouldn’t order the American T-Bone or Baby beef… come on! get into pure beef culture!!!

So here you’ve got some recommendations of different cuts you may try:

Appetizers:
MOLLEJAS (glands, totally recommend these ones with lemon ‘n salt! – not for everybody…)
PROVOLETA (it’s not meat, it’s melted provolone cheese and its great!!!)
CHORIZO (pork and cow sausage)
MORCILLA (blood sausage)

For the brave ones: you can also try – I don’t like these and don’t recommend you to do it…:
CHINCHULINES (guts)
RIÑONES (kidneys)

Main (all of them are beef stakes):
BIFE DE CHORIZO
ENTRAÑA
VACIO
ASADO DE TIRA (small ribs)
OJO DE BIFE (rib eye)
MATAMBRE TIERNIZADO
COLITA DE CUADRIL
LOMO (tenderloin)

Would you like some pork?
BONDIOLA
MATAMBRITO DE CERDO

HOW TO EAT EVERYTHING?
When we go to a Parrilla, we usually order different cuts and then share them with our friends.  As first could be an empanada, chorizo, morcilla and provoleta and then for main we ask for one cut every 2 people.

If you’d like to taste a dessert, a classic here is “FLAN CON CREMA Y DULCE DE LECHE”.

WHERE TO GO?
It’s easy, welcome to Argentina!!!
You don’t need to pay a fortune for getting a very good steak….

There are four big groups of parrillas:

Prices are orientative

PARRILLON it’s a place “from around the neighborhood”, cheap, and don’t expect a great service, prices will be about AR$ 300 – AR$500

EL DESNIVEL – San Telmo – 1 – Defensa 855 – Tel 4300-9081 I TOTALLY RECOMMEND THIS ONE! Ask for BIFE DE CHORIZO MARIPOSA!

LAS CABRAS – Palermo – Soler @ Fitz Roy – It’s really cheap, go early! Nice atmosphere! It’s no so parrillon, it looks cooler!

LA GRAN HOLLYWOOD  Palermo – Bonpland 2205 – 4773-3580

PARRILLA PEÑA – Barrio Norte – Completely local and friendly! – Rodríguez Peña 682 – tel 4371-5643

NEW STYLE PARRILLAS (A$500-$800)

LA CABRERA – Palermo Soho – Everybody likes this one!!! – Cabrera 5099 – tel 4831-7002 – Don’t forget to book for this one!

LA DORITA – Palermo Hollywood – Humboldt 1905 -4773-0070

DON JULIO – Palermo – Guatemala 4691 – 4831-9564

EL ENCANTO – Palermo Hollywood – Bompland 1690

LA POPULAR – Almagro- Lavalle 3602 esq Mario Bravo

FANCY PARRILLAS (AR$ 600 – AR$1500)

LA BRIGADA – San Telmo – Estados Unidos 465 – tel 4361-5557 – Book and ask for a table at the lobby, perhaps you are lucky and you have a Tango singer over there! I love this place!!!! Mollejas and Provoleta are the best!!!!EL MIRASOL– Puerto Madero – Alicia Moreu de Justo 202 – Tel 4315-6277

EL MIRASOL DE LA RECOVA – Recoleta – Posadas 1032 – Tel 4326-7322

CABAÑA LAS LILAS – Pto Madero – Alicia Moreau de Justo 516 – 4313-1336

The ones on bold letter are the ones I take my friends to and we love going!

If you try those 4 ones, you will have an idea of what Parrillas are like, if you have to choose only one, LA BRIGADA (if you are in the San Telmo area) or LA CABRERA (if you are in the Palermo area) and if you go to La Cabrera, sharing is the main tip, the portions are HUGE!

Restaurants Buenos Aires we recommend

Restaurants Buenos Aires we recommend

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Buenos Aires gastronomy scene is growing, here are some experts we follow 

Pick up the fork is Ally Lazzar `s blog, on who we trust!

Some of our favorites restaurants are:

Proper based on the most fresh products direct from the producer, they will change their menu every day

Gran Dabbang a great eclectic chef will suprise you 

Cocina Sunae asian cantina by Sunae

Tango in Buenos Aires

Tango in Buenos Aires

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Since you are in Buenos Aires (the Tango Capital) is a must do some Tango. This are two different options.

Or you can go to a traditional Tango Show, there are lots and very good ones, but the best tango show in Buenos Aires is La Esquina Carlos Gardel

Good News! If you book trough us, we get a 10% discount on the tango show, or dinner tango show!!!!! Just contact us at info@bafreetour.com

The Milongas are the night clubs for tango dancers, so you can go there just to watch real people dancing tango, or to dance the tango! I won´t recommend you to try to dance if you don´t really know how in there, they will NOT smile to you
There are many Milongas (Tango night clubs) but we will recommend, the cool (C) and the traditional (T), depending on wich night;

Monday  TANGO:

El Afronte, 571 Peru St. San Telmo. Starts 10, 30 PM.

Tuesday TANGO:

La Catedral4006 Sarmiento st. Abasto.  Starts at midnight

Buenos Ayres Club (Tango Queer) 571 Perú st, San Telmo. Starts at 9.30 pm

Wednesday TANGO:

Maldita Milonga ,  571 Perú st, San Telmo. Starts at 10.30 pm

La Marsharll (tango queer, tango gay) 444 Maipu st (1st flor) downtown. Starts at 10 pm

El beso (T), 416 Riobamba st 1st floor. Starts at 10,30

Thursday TANGO:

Niño Bien tango, 1462 Humberto primo st (1st floor). San Telmo. Starts at 10.30pm

La viruta tango , 1366 Armenia st, Palermo. Starts at 11 pm.

Club Gricel, 1180 La Rioja st. Starts 10,30 pm.

Friday TANGO

Salon Canning , 1331 Scalabrini Ortiz ave. Palermo, starts at 12 pm.

Villa Malcom , 5064 Cordoba Ave. Starts @ 10,30 pm.

Saturday TANGO:

La viruta tango , 1366 Armenia st, Palermo. Starts at 12 pm.

Confiteria La ideal, 384 Suipacha st, downtown. Starts at 10 pm.

TANGO in the Street in Buenos Aires

La Glorieta , on the square at 11 de septiembre st, bet Sucre st and Echevarrria St, Saturdays and Sundays from 6,30 to 11 pm you will have this authentic tango in the streets! (btw in a square )

El indio milonga, Plaza dorrego (yes on the square, open skys!!). Once the San Telmo fair its done, at 7.30 you will find this beautiful milonga. San Telmo´s milonga.

Tango in the afternoon/evenings in Buenos Aires

Confiteria La Ideal), 384 Suipacha st, downtown. Mon, Wed, Thurs, Fri, Sat and Sun from 3 pm to 8,30 pm

El Arranque , 1759 Bartolome Mitre st, San Nicolas. Mon, Tues, Thurs and Sat from 3pm to 10 pm.

Enjoy the best Buenos Aires Tango in Buenos Aires!!!!

Mostfancy places in town

Mostfancy places in town

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

The city of Buenos Aires has multiple cultural and historical attractions. And if we speak about history and magic, La Boca is an essential point to know in the city of tango. This charming and colorful neighborhood of Italian roots is located next to the old port of Buenos Aires and has a huge cultural appeal. There you can visit Caminito street -a sort of open-air museum about the tango, and also an art fair- and the famous Boca Juniors stadium.

San Telmo is another charming historical neighborhood of Buenos Aires. It is the oldest residential district of the city and there you can find museums, antique shops, ancient churches, interesting architectural sites and remarkable cafes. On Sundays there is an outdoor fair, and the streets are filled with crafts, antiques and cultural shows. In San Telmo you can not miss the charming Plaza Dorrego.

For its part Palermo is the neighborhood of bars, restaurants and cafes: it is full of activities to do and designer shops to visit during the day, and has an attractive nightlife. The Plaza Serrano is one of the main points of interest, and you can also visit the exquisite forests of Palermo, and the beautiful Botanical Garden.

In Buenos Aires most tourists also want to visit the modern neighborhood of Puerto Madero, known for its glazed skyscrapers. It is seated off the coast of Buenos Aires, and besides being an important business center, it has elegant restaurants and trendy nightclubs. In the vicinity you can cross the Bridge of Women and also enjoy the Ecological Reserve Costanera Sur.

Terrorists attacks (Amia y Embajada de Israel)

Terrorists attacks (Amia y Embajada de Israel)

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

At the beginning of the 1990s two terrible attacks occurred in Buenos Aires. On May 17, 1992, there was a terrorist attack on the Israeli Embassy in Argentina, which resulted in 22 deaths and 242 injuries. The headquarters of the embassy, ​​located at 910 and 916 Arroyo Street, was totally destroyed. A Ford F100 truck full of explosives and driven by a suicide bomber was crashed against the front of the embassy building.

Almost two years later, on July 18, 1994, there was another terrible attack on the headquarters of the Asociación de Mutuales Israelitas Argentinas (AMIA) on Calle Pasteur 633, in Buenos Aires. That day a car bomb exploded in front of AMIA, the most important Jewish mutual organization in the country. As a result of that attack 85 people died, and 300 were injured.

Currently the site where the Israeli embassy was located has been preserved as a place for memory. There, part of the original embassy wall has been preserved; the names of the deceased have been placed on a plaque and there have been planted two lines of lime trees, each reminiscent of those killed by the attack on the embassy. Also there is the monument to the victims and the State of Israel for the attack.

Evita´slife and secrets

Evita´slife and secrets

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Maria Eva Duarte de Perón was born in Junín or Los Toldos, on May 7, 1919, in a family of humble origin. At the age of 15 he moved to the city of Buenos Aires to dedicate herself to acting, achieving renown in the atmosphere of the radio theater, theater and cinema.

In 1943 she was one of the founders of the Argentine Radial Association and was elected president. The following year she met Juan Domingo Perón during a charity event for the victims of the San Juan earthquake. In 1945 he married Perón, who the following year would win the elections and become president of Argentina. Then Evita became the first lady.

Evita was the promoter of the law of women suffrage, which was sanctioned in 1947. Active fighter for labor and social rights, she founded the Partico Peronista Femenino in 1949 and presided it until his death. Through Eva Perón Foundation, she carried out an important social action aimed at supporting the most vulnerable social groups.

The Foundation built schools, nursing homes and hospitals, provided housing aids and scholarships and also stimulated social tourism. To the point that she was baptized as “the flag-bearer of the humble ones”.

She died on July 26, 1952, due to a cancerous uterus fulminant. To her wake attended an unprecedented crowd. His body was embalmed and located in the CGT (General Confederation of Labor). But in 1955 the civic-military dictatorship self-styled Revolution Liberator seized and desecrated his corpse and hid it for 16 years.

How is the health and education system?

How is the health and education system?

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Argentina’s health and education systems maintain a strong public component. In state institutions, education is free at the initial, primary, secondary and tertiary levels, as well as at university-level degrees (not for masters and postgraduates). This favors equity, offers opportunities for all and impedes the commodification of education. On the other hand, there is also the subsystem of private education, which is remunerated, although in some cases the institutions have state subsidies – especially in primary and secondary schools.

At the level of health in Argentina there is a public health system, the private health system and social welfare. It is estimated that about 38% of the Argentine population is served by the public system and approximately 52% by social or prepaid works. In particular, the public system is composed of public hospitals and primary health care centers operating under the coordination of Ministries and Health Secretariats of the different jurisdictions – national, provincial or municipal – and providing free care services.

Why do the city looks European?

Why do the city looks European?

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Buenos Aires is often referred to as “the Paris of South America”. This has to do with some traces of architecture that remained of other times, and which are still perceived in certain neighborhoods.

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the ruling elites of Argentina looked upon Europe as a model. And so they copied the culture, fashions, tastes, and architecture of the Old Continent. Of those years were multiple mansions, palaces, and small hotels inspired by the dominant style in Paris and in other European nations. These buildings were particularly shaped in Buenos Aires, in the neighborhoods of Recoleta, Retiro, Barrio Norte and in the center of the city.
On the other hand during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the country received large immigration flows from Europe. For those years Paris was the paradigm of architecture, since they were times of the Bélle Epoque (1875 to 1914) which was reflected in the rise of art nouveau, neoclassicism, eclecticism, beaux arts style and neo-baroque.

These styles together with the Norman architecture and the English styles Reina Ana and Tudor arrived in Argentina with European architects who immigrated between 1918 and 1930 – considered as the “Crazy Years” and characterized by Art Deco in design and architecture-. That also left a certain imprint in some neighborhoods of the city.

Why do some locals look European?

Why do some locals look European?

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Between the XVI and XVIII centuries a part of the Argentine territory was colonized by the Spaniards. The conquerors were mostly men and were largely assimilated with the natives, leading to a process of mestizaje.

Much later, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the country received major immigration flows mainly from Europe, and to a much lesser extent from the Middle East. Fundamentally Italian and Spanish immigrants arrived. Also came (in a much smaller number) Ukrainians, Poles, Russians, Germans, French and Irish. The arrival of immigrants was fomented by the same Argentine Constitution of 1853, which eliminated the barriers for the arrival of foreigners, and its mission was to forge a rural social fabric to occupy and work the Pampean territories. Several politicians of the time -like Domingo Faustino Sarmiento and Juan Bautista Alberdi – considered that it was necessary to foment the immigration to populate the country.

On the one hand Argentina was a little populated country and with a great territorial extension, with which the policies of massive immigration left an important mark. On the other hand, the native population (Aboriginal) of the country was drastically decimated by the terrible Desert Campaign in the 1880s.

Other immigration flows followed, but mainly from neighboring countries (19th, 20th and 21st centuries), and to a lesser extent from Asia and Eastern Europe (at the end of the 20th century).
The 2010 national census indicates that Argentina had 1,900,000 immigrants. This places the country as the Latin American country that received more quantity of immigrants.

Aristocratic families and palaces

Aristocratic families and palaces

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

The Argentine conservative oligarchy is composed of the family groups that were made with large areas of field by means of purchases to the State or to individuals, starting many times with familiar or political relations, within the framework of a strong process of concentration of the land that took place between the years 1836 and 1928. Some of these families lost their heritage over the years, and new family groups joined this estate. A group of these families belonged to the historical Creole bourgeoisie. Others managed to make large tracts of land from the controversial Conquest of the Desert initiated in 1880.

These elites met historically – and still today – around entities such as Sociedad Rural Argentina, Club del Progreso and Jockey Club, among others.
To demonstrate their economic power in the face of society, these elitist groups built authentic French-style palaces. Among these palaces settled in the city of Buenos Aires stand out for example the Palacio Pereda Girado: this mansion was made in 1917 by physician Celedonio Pereda, of the aristocracy of Buenos Aires. It was initiated by the architect Louis Martin and finished by Belgian Julio Dormal. Its is located in Arroyo 1130 and currently houses the Brazilian embassy.

Another notable mansion is the Palacio Álzaga Unzué, which lies in Cerrito 1455 and today houses the Four Seasons Hotel.It was inaugurated in 1920 as a gift from Félix de ÁlzagaUnzué for his wife Elena Peña.
Another outstanding residence is the Palacio Anchorena Castellanos (in front of Plaza San Martín), current headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Argentine Republic.

For its part, the Palacio Fernández Anchorena (located on Avenida Alvear 1605) was commissioned in 1907 by the marriage of Juan Antonio Fernández and Rosa de Anchorena to the French architect Eduardo Le Monnier. And it is currently the seat of the Apostolic Nunciature in Buenos Aires.
The Palacio Ortiz Basualdo, meanwhile, is based in Cerrito 1399 and is the work of the French architect Paul Pater, who designed it in 1912 for the couple Daniel Ortiz Basualdo and Mercedes Zapiola. In our days it houses the French embassy.

Islas Malvinas war memorial

Islas Malvinas war memorial

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

In the sector of the square San Martin that limits withDel Libertador Avenue stands out the Monument to the fallen soldiers during the War of the Malvinas, fought against England between April 2 and June 14, 1982.
It is a cenotaph that has 25 black marble plaques, which include the names of all the Argentines fallen during the war confrontation -a total of 649 combatants, whose remains are actually in a cemetery of the Islands. The plates do not indicate the military degree of the fallen, so that there is equality in the memory. Below them there are 25 shields -23 of them are from the Argentine provinces, one from the city of Buenos Aires and the rest is the National Shield.

The monument was designed by the architect Andrés Morán. At the top of it, on a map that refers to the geography of the Islas Malvinas, stands a votive lamp bearing the “eternal flame.”

Every morning the national flag is raised at 8 o’clock; and then the site is guarded by an honor guard formed by members of one of the three armed forces, which is relieved every two hours until 6 pm, when the flag is raised.

The Monument was officially inaugurated on June 24, 1990. It has a reminder plaque with the following text: “The nation also pays homage to those who keep in their body or memory the traces of combat.”

FLORIDA PROMENADE

FLORIDA PROMENADE

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

The beginnings of Florida Street go back to the founding of Buenos Aires when it represented a primitive trail that came up from the river. Its first official name was the one of San José, given by the governor Miguel de Salcedo in 1734. At the end of century XVIII and principles of the XIX was popularly known as Del Correo because this one was in a corner this Street; Was also known as Empedrado, since it was paved from 1789 with boulders brought from Montevideo, becoming the first paved street of the city (part of this pavement is displayed behind the entrance mouth to the subway station Catedral in Avenida Diagonal North and Florida). After the English Invasions, in 1808, it was called Baltasar Unquera, in homage to an aide-de-camp of Santiago de Liniers, fallen in the Convent of Santo Domingo. In 1821 he was given the name of Florida, recalling the battle of Florida, fought in 1814 in Upper Peru against the realists. In 1837 Juan Manuel de Rosas called it from Peru, or Peru; And in 1857 the current name was restored. In Florida and the current Juan Domingo Perón was sung for the first time, in 1813, the Argentinean National Anthem in the house of Mariquita Sánchez de Thompson.

Aristocratic apogee

Argentine elites began to leave their residences south of Plaza de Mayo due mainly to epidemics, especially since the yellow fever of 1871. They decided to move to a higher area of ​​the city and chose the surroundings of Plaza San Martin. Because of its proximity to the new residential neighborhood, in 1872 Florida became a commercial street. They installed in it apothecaries, furniture, jewelry and sombrerías that offered the last thing in European fashion. At the intersection with Córdoba Avenue, between 1888 and 1894 a huge building of commercial galleries was built to install a branch of the Paris department store Au Bon Marché, which although it was not installed, was later known as Galerías Pacífico, which a century later Would be declared a historic building.

In 1874, at its intersection with Paraguay Street, the Florida Garden was installed, owned by Adolfo Bullrich, head of one of the richest families in Argentina. There the Civic Union of the Youth was constituted, that was the antecedent of the Revolution of the Park of 1890

At the end of the 19th century the tram began to circulate through it. At that time, the luxurious building of the Jockey Club was built in Florida 559. This outstanding construction was the seat of a typical meeting place of upper-class Buenos Aires during the first half of the twentieth century. But by those same years, the activity in the street Florida began to change definitively towards the commerce.

Florida by the year 1910, was already definitely a purely commercial street.

In 1910 the artery was definitely commercial, by that time the upper classes were being changed even further north, to Recoleta and Palermo. In 1911, at the request of the merchants of the zone, vehicular traffic between 11 and 21 was prohibited.

By that time, the traditional upper class had begun a new exodus from Florida Street, more and more northward, where they could isolate themselves from the increasingly intense movement of the city center, and find larger grounds to build new houses of Greater size and luxury. First, the transfer took place around the Plaza San Martín: there were some residences of a size never seen before: Palacio Ortiz Basualdo (1904), Palacio Anchorena (1908) and Palacio Paz (1912). But the migration of the aristocracy of Buenos Aires already chose to go even farther from the center, towards the Alvear Avenue and the Barrio Norte, and then continued to move away from the present Avenue of the Liberator towards Palermo. A commercial pedestrian that is born in Rivadavia Avenue and ends in Plaza San Martín, for 10 blocks. N 1913 became the first pedestrian street of the city in some stretches, when traffic was prohibited between 11 and 21 hours1 and on July 1, 1971 it was transformed into pedestrian in all its ex
Due to its location, in what is known as Microcentro (a zone of offices and national and foreign companies), Pedestrian Florida has a high traffic of workers but also of travelers and tourists. An indispensable artery of the heart of Buenos Aires With the incessant flow of people that give life to it, with a crucible of motives that are and transit our beloved Florida Street, employees, bankers, merchants, florists, kioskeros, artisans, Artists, clients in search of the most varied articles, from electrical appliances, cell phones, footwear, toys, clothing, biyouteri to that souvenir that will take away from our beautiful and beloved city of Buenos Aires. Along its route there are innumerable shops: regional and leather goods, large stores and galleries, banks, bookstores, travel agencies, cafes and restaurants. It’s an open-air mall. We can also enjoy street performances such as tango dancers, guitarists, singers and illusionists  It is not advisable to do this tour at noon because it is the lunch schedule for the workers of the area and transit is slow and complicated. – It is better to do the day tour. – Music: take your mp3 or your cell phone with good music. Ideal for walking. – Because it is very busy, there are “neglected” in the area who take advantage of any negligence to steal cell phones and wallets. Be careful with your valuables. – Do not forget to visit the Galerías Pacífico, even if you do not go shopping, you can get to know one of the most beautiful places in Buenos Aires. – Look beyond the marquee, you will find very beautiful architectural details.

– Enjoy a street show.

– I know the Plaza San Martin, one of the most beautiful in the City

Metropolitan Cathedral

Metropolitan Cathedral

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

The Cathedral of Buenos Aires took 216 years to be built, collapsed seven times; Was stoned, burned and used as a political barricade. Its walls keep as much history as the country has.

The Metropolitan Cathedral is the oldest of the buildings surrounding the Plaza de Mayo, with a facade that, architecturally, has nothing to do with the rest of the building. The first construction, in 1593, was an adobe chapel. From that time until these days, there were in this site six different buildings, which had to be renewed by floods, fires, the precariousness of the materials and structural defects. The definitive construction began in 1752 under the direction of the Italian architect Antonio Masella and was completed in 1852, although its decoration only finished in 1911. Its final structure is neoclassical and has a profile little used in the cathedrals, giving a similarity closer to a Greek temple to the classic Catholic building. In 1822, the French Prospero Catelin and Pedro Benoit designed the facade, whose 12 columns symbolize the twelve apostles of Jesus. The interior has ships, side chapels and a cruise that is under an impressive dome that reaches 41 m high. Another detail of importance is the ornamentation of the front, realized in 1860 by the French sculptor Joseph Dubourdieu (author of the figure that is in the tip of the Pyramid of May) that realized the bas relief of the frontispiece, that represents the encounter of Jacob with His son Joseph in Egypt. Finally, in 1877, the architect Enrique Alberg reformed a lateral nave to give place to the mausoleum of General José de San Martín, the work of the sculptor Albert Ernest Carrier-Belleuse.

Buenos Aires Cathedral

Recently, tunnels built under its foundations have been reopened. There, in perfectly preserved cellars, rests the remains of several heroes such as San Martin, Las Heras and Tomás Guido. Under his vaults are kept the military trophies taken from the English in 1806 and 1807; To the Spaniards during the wars of Independence, and to the Brazilians during the war between 1826 and 1827. Other objects of art lie in dependencies without access to the public, jealously guarded: a cedar chest of drawers made by Indian missionaries during conquest; A baptismal font of stone from the 18th century and a lectern of quebracho from the last century.

Francis Pope last residence in Buenos Aires

Francis Pope last residence in Buenos Aires

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour
On Avenida Rivadavia 415, the administrative authorities and administrative units of the Metropolitan Curia have their seat. It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires and was the place of residence and work of Cardinal Bergoglio until his appointment as Pope in Rome.

The Cathedral also functions as a museum of honor to Pope Francis, since from 1998 until his consecration as Supreme Pontiff on March 19, 2013, Jorge Bergoglio was Archbishop of Buenos Aires and the person in charge of conducting the Archdiocese.

There the visitor will be able to find personal and liturgical objects that he used during the 15 years of his pastoral ministry in the City. The church hours are Monday through Friday from 8 am to 7 pm and Saturdays and Sundays from 9 am to 7:30 pm. It has a service of guided tours and audio guides in different languages.

Mothers of May Sq.

Mothers of May Sq.

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

 Mothers of the plaza de mayo

On April 30, 1976, a group of mothers of missing youths about whom the government did not give information about their situation went to deliver a letter at the Government House requesting that they be informed that they had been with their children on suspicion Certain that they had been illegally detained by police and military forces of the Military Government that had recently overthrown the Constitutional Government. Since it was a weekend nobody saw them, so they decided to come back next Thursday. That day, finally, was chosen – until today – to carry out its marches around the Pyramid of May; A historical monument that remembers the 25 of May of 1810, date that marked the beginning of our independence of the Kingdom Kingdom reached the 9 of July of 1816.

 Mothers of the plaza de mayoAt that time, it was the “State of Siege”, which forced the women to walk around the May Pyramid because it was forbidden to hold meetings of more than five people by a law passed by the military government. The law said that groups of people who exceeded that number, had to separate and withdraw from where they were. If they did not, the police could take them to jail.

At first, the mothers gathered on a bench in the Plaza, but then they had to march around that monument, because there were many and they could not stand still and talking among themselves. They made the decision to walk and so they could not stop them or take them to jail.

Thus created the association of Mothers of Plaza de Mayo; Because when they came together to claim for their children in other agencies of the military government, they felt separated. Instead, in the Plaza de Mayo, they were all the same, they had all taken their children, shared their sorrows joined to make their claim felt.

THE CABILDO AND MAY REVOLUTION

THE CABILDO AND MAY REVOLUTION

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

After several precarious constructions that did not last, in 1711 the Crown of Spain commissioned the construction of a building to house the Cabildo of the City of Buenos Aires to the Jesuit architect Father Juan Bautista Prímoli resident in Spain. The work progresses slowly and its construction only concludes in 1751. The tower is erected in 1763 and the first clock of the city is placed in her. The Cabildo was a central actor in the political process initiated in May of 1810 and that gave rise to the later independence of the then United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata of the Kingdom of Spain. For this reason, the political group that takes control of the province of Buenos Aires in 1820 that intends to finish the stage of the Revolution to start a new political cycle, decides to dissolve it. Its broad powers are divided among the three powers of the nascent provincial state. Thus, on December 21, 1821, after having remained for nearly two and a half centuries, the Cabildo made its last agreement.


In 1880 it became the seat of the National Courts. The building is adapted for this destination by the French architect Pedro Benoit who modifies the facade with a classic style and adds a third body to the tower. The opening of the Avenue of May in 1889 closes three arches of the north wing and before the possibility of its collapse it is decided to demolish the tower enlarged by Benoit. In 1931, in order to open the Diagonal Julio Argentino Roca, three arches of the southern wing were demolished, remaining until the present with this reduced size, as a symbol of the “Revolution of May” and housing the museum of the Revolution.

PINK HOUSE

PINK HOUSE

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

The site in which the Casa Rosada is located was, throughout the history of Buenos Aires, the seat of the different and successive political authorities that governed the country. Shortly after founding the City in 1580, Don Juan de Garay had a ditch and embankments excavated, enclosing the origin of what was later called “Royal Fortress of San Juan Baltasar de Austria” or “Castillo de San Miguel”. Later, in 1595, the governor Fernando de Zárate ordered to raise a walled construction of 120 meters of side, with moat and drawbridge, that was raised in the block clung by the present streets Rivadavia, Balcarce and Hipólito Yrigoyen and the Avenue Paseo Colon on The ravines that then gave the river. Finally, at the beginning of the eighteenth century a strong solid was built, entirely made of bricks, whose walls and bastions lasted until its demolition, a century and a half later. Already in the period of Independence, the House which had been the residence of Spanish governors and viceroys, housed, with very few reforms, the authorities of successive governments: the Boards, the Triumvirates, the Supreme Directors, the Governors of Buenos Aires and the First President of Argentina, Bernardino Rivadavia.

Abandoned and partially demolished, it returned to have protagonism like seat of the political government from 1862, when Miter settled with its ministers, renovating the old official residence of the fort. His successor, Sarmiento, decided to embellish the abode of the National Executive Branch, endowing it with gardens and painting the facades of pink color, with which, later, continued to characterize.

The White room originally conceived as a receptions place, is the main hall of the Palace due to its functions and size. Here are performed the most important events, such as the delivery of the attributes of command (band and presidential baton) to the new president. Oath ceremonies of Ministers and Secretaries of State, special guest receptions, international treaty signatures and major events are also held. The project and the construction of this room were the work of the architect Francesco Tamburini. Perimetral columns, with capitals of composite order (Ionic-Corinthian), present reliefs, such as vases, chimeric birds, acanthus leaves and the National Coat of Arms worked in gold leaf. The doors that open to the North and South rooms are covered with mirrors.

OBELISK

OBELISK

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

The Obelisk is, throughout the world, the largest emblem of the city and its inhabitants, such as the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Statue of Liberty in New York. Inaugurated in 1936 to remember the fourth centenary of the first founding of Buenos Aires, it is the work of the architect Alberto Prebisch, one of the main exponents of Argentine modernism and also of the neighboring Gran Rex Theater. It is located in the place where the national flag was raised for the first time in the city. Whoever visits Buenos Aires can not fail to photograph this monument, strategically located at the intersection of two of the most important avenues: 9 de Julio Avenue, among the widest in the world, and the “Corrientes” street, one of the main Cultural poles of the city.

With a total height of 67.5 meters and a base of 6.8 meters per side, the Obelisk has a single entrance door (looking towards Avenida Corrientes, behind which there is a marine staircase with 206 steps with 7 steps that It leads to the top. There is a viewpoint with four windows, visible from the street.

Is one of the main meeting places of political demonstrations and the celebration of sports achievements. To celebrate its 75th anniversary in 2011, a guided tour was organized for 75 neighbors, one for each year of life of the Obelisk.

TORTONI CAFÉ

TORTONI CAFÉ

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour
cafe tortoni

Opened more than 150 years ago, it is the oldest café in Buenos Aires and still retains its original style and architecture: oak wood tables with green marble, oak and leather chairs and chairs, luxurious glass ceilings, a wide Bar with an old cash register and in the background tables of billiards and halls to play dominoes and dice. The Gran Tortoni Café is part of the select group known as Bares Notables of the City of Buenos Aires for its contribution to the historical heritage of Buenos Aires (for its architectural value, for having been frequented by important personalities and have survived in time). There are about seventy bars, cafes and villares among which we can mention the Café de los Angelitos and Las Violetas Confectionery.

One of the many peculiarities of Café Tortoni is the life-size sculpture of Carlos Gardel, Alfonsina Storni and Jorge Luis Borges, who seem to be talking around a table: Gardel in a cross suit and Borges with his traditional posture seated with his cane And Alfonsina with the front view listening to what they say

May Avenue and Barolo Palace

May Avenue and Barolo Palace

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

It is very interesting to cross this avenue because it represents the axis of the historical and civic center of Buenos Aires, it opens way along 14 blocks and was projected during the Intendance of Torcuato de Alvear. And took 15 years to build, between 1888 and 1894. Construction on Avenida de Mayo was regulated by ordinances that governed the height and facades to maintain some consistency between their buildings. However, the legislation was flexible enough to allow buildings to be installed and a variety of styles that marked the years 1890 to 1930. Most of these buildings are important to the country because of its historical value, architectural originality, curiosities and myths Urban areas that make them stand out. Among the best known buildings are the Tortoni Café and the Barolo Palace.

The Barolo Palace was inaugurated in 1923 and was until 1936 the highest in Buenos Aires. It was built along with another building in Montevideo, the Palace Savio, and whose lighthouse would also communicate with the Barolo Palace guiding duo boats the Rio de la Plata.

The building is full of analogies and references to the Divine Comedy: it is divided into three parts like the work of Dante, Hell depicted on the ground floor; The Purgatory on floors 1 to 14 (7 being the capital sins and each two floors representing 1 capital sin) and the Paradise represented in the floors 14 to 22 (8 floors which is the number of planets that Dante knew about the year 1300) . On the road to paradise there is no elevator, from the dome to the lighthouse is climbed by a stairway that the higher, narrower it is, symbolizing that the ascent to paradise is extremely complicated; Even the body must be shrunk so as not to hit its head, as if bowing.

CONGRESS BUILDING

CONGRESS BUILDING

Sight included on our Buenos Aires Free City Tour

Congress Palace

The Congress Palace of the Argentine Nation was initially located on one of the sides of the Plaza de Mayo, which ends at the Casa Rosada which is the seat of the Executive Branch, but its dimensions were small and during the creation of the Avenue Of May at the beginning of the XX century, it was thought to finish it with a new building for the seat of the Legislative Power, in such a way that the new avenue had to those two powers of the state in each one of the headers.

Thus was created Plaza del Congreso and the new building for the Palace of Congress, finishing the plaza in its West.

The dome of the Palace, eighty meters high, can be seen from the Avenida de Mayo, in an unrivaled urban perspective. Its reticulated structure of iron rests on a basement of four porticoes and is covered in copper that, in contact with the atmosphere, acquires its characteristic green color.
The Library of Congress was founded in 1859 to assist the legislators of both Houses, researchers and the public. The reading room was inaugurated in 1917. It is entirely covered in Italian walnut, carved and polished, from the walls, shelves and railings to the first floor. It highlights a valuable watch gift given by the Infanta Isabel de Borbón in 1910.

There are guided tours from Monday to Saturday at scheduled times to visit the building and know its architectural wealth and anecdotes of the events there